BITTERNUT HICKORY

BITTERNUT HICKORY GROWS BEST IN

BITTERNUT HICKORY suitable for counties:
ALABAMA: Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cleburne, Colbert, Crenshaw, Dallas, Fayette, Franklin, Jefferson, Lawrence, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Russell, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox
ARKANSAS: Arkansas, Ashley, Baxter, Benton, Boone, Bradley, Calhoun, Carroll, Chicot, Clark, Clay, Cleburne, Cleveland, Columbia, Conway, Craighead, Crawford, Crittenden, Cross, Dallas, Desha, Drew, Faulkner, Franklin, Fulton, Garland, Grant, Greene, Hempstead, Hot Spring, Howard, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Little River, Logan, Lonoke, Madison, Marion, Miller, Mississippi, Monroe, Montgomery, Nevada, Newton, Ouachita, Perry, Phillips, Pike, Poinsett, Polk, Pope, Prairie, Pulaski, Randolph, Saline, Scott, Searcy, Sebastian, Sevier, Sharp, St. Francis, Stone, Union, Van Buren, Washington, White, Woodruff, Yell
CONNECTICUT: Fairfield, Hartford, Litchfield, Middlesex, New Haven, New London, Tolland, Windham
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: District of Columbia
DELAWARE: New Castle
FLORIDA: Holmes, Jackson, Leon, Liberty, Washington
GEORGIA: Baker, Bartow, Bulloch, Cherokee, Clarke, Crawford, DeKalb, Early, Elbert, Fannin, Floyd, Forsyth, Fulton, Glascock, Greene, Hall, Haralson, Lincoln, Macon, Murray, Polk, Putnam, Seminole, Stephens, Towns, Wayne, Wilkes
IOWA: Adair, Adams, Boone, Cherokee, Crawford, Fremont, Guthrie, Harrison, Madison, Mills, Monona, Montgomery, Page, Plymouth, Pottawattamie, Ringgold, Shelby, Taylor, Van Buren, Washington
ILLINOIS: Adams, Alexander, Bond, Boone, Brown, Bureau, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Champaign, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Coles, Cook, Crawford, Cumberland, De Witt, DeKalb, Douglas, DuPage, Edgar, Edwards, Effingham, Fayette, Ford, Franklin, Fulton, Gallatin, Greene, Grundy, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jersey, Jo Daviess, Johnson, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Knox, La Salle, Lake, Lawrence, Lee, Livingston, Logan, Macon, Macoupin, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Mason, Massac, McDonough, McHenry, McLean, Menard, Mercer, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Moultrie, Ogle, Peoria, Perry, Piatt, Pike, Pope, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Richland, Rock Island, Saline, Sangamon, Schuyler, Scott, Shelby, St. Clair, Stark, Stephenson, Tazewell, Union, Vermilion, Wabash, Warren, Washington, Wayne, White, Whiteside, Will, Williamson, Winnebago, Woodford
INDIANA: Adams, Allen, Bartholomew, Boone, Carroll, Cass, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Daviess, De Kalb, Decatur, Delaware, Elkhart, Fayette, Fountain, Franklin, Fulton, Gibson, Grant, Hamilton, Hancock, Harrison, Hendricks, Henry, Howard, Huntington, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jennings, Johnson, Knox, Kosciusko, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Martin, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Orange, Owen, Parke, Perry, Porter, Posey, Putnam, Randolph, Shelby, Spencer, St. Joseph, Steuben, Switzerland, Tipton, Union, Vanderburgh, Vermillion, Vigo, Warren, Warrick, Wayne, Wells, Whitley
KANSAS: Allen, Anderson, Atchison, Bourbon, Butler, Chase, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Clay, Coffey, Crawford, Doniphan, Douglas, Elk, Franklin, Geary, Greenwood, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Labette, Leavenworth, Linn, Lyon, Marshall, Miami, Montgomery, Morris, Nemaha, Neosho, Osage, Pottawatomie, Riley, Shawnee, Wabaunsee, Washington, Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte
KENTUCKY: Anderson, Bell, Boone, Bourbon, Bracken, Bullitt, Butler, Campbell, Carlisle, Casey, Clark, Daviess, Edmonson, Estill, Fayette, Fleming, Franklin, Fulton, Grant, Greenup, Harlan, Henderson, Henry, Hickman, Jefferson, Jessamine, Kenton, Knott, Knox, Laurel, Lee, Letcher, Logan, Madison, Mason, McLean, Meade, Mercer, Morgan, Nicholas, Ohio, Oldham, Owen, Perry, Pike, Rockcastle, Rowan, Russell, Simpson, Spencer, Trimble, Warren, Woodford
LOUISIANA: Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Calcasieu, Caldwell, Catahoula, Claiborne, De Soto, East Baton Rouge, Evangeline, Grant, Iberia, Jackson, La Salle, Lafayette, Lincoln, Madison, Morehouse, Natchitoches, Ouachita, Rapides, Red River, Richland, Sabine, St. Helena, St. Landry, St. Mary, St. Tammany, Union, Vermilion, Vernon, Washington, West Carroll, West Feliciana, Winn
MASSACHUSETTS: Berkshire, Bristol, Essex, Franklin, Hampden, Hampshire, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk, Worcester
MARYLAND: All counties
MAINE: All counties
MICHIGAN: Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Clinton, Eaton, Genesee, Gladwin, Gratiot, Ingham, Isabella, Kalamazoo, Kent, Lapeer, Lenawee, Menominee, Midland, Monroe, Montcalm, Newaygo, Oakland, Oceana, Ogemaw, Shiawassee, St. Clair, St. Joseph, Van Buren, Washtenaw, Wayne
MINNESOTA: Aitkin, Blue Earth, Brown, Carver, Chisago, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Faribault, Fillmore, Hennepin, Houston, Isanti, Itasca, Martin, McLeod, Mower, Nicollet, Olmsted, Pine, Ramsey, Rice, Scott, Sherburne, St. Louis, Steele, Wabasha, Washington, Winona, Wright
MISSOURI: Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Barry, Barton, Bates, Benton, Bollinger, Boone, Buchanan, Butler, Caldwell, Callaway, Camden, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Carter, Cass, Cedar, Chariton, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Cole, Cooper, Crawford, Dallas, Daviess, DeKalb, Dent, Douglas, Dunklin, Franklin, Gasconade, Gentry, Greene, Harrison, Henry, Hickory, Holt, Howard, Howell, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Knox, Laclede, Lafayette, Lewis, Lincoln, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Madison, Maries, Marion, McDonald, Mercer, Miller, Mississippi, Moniteau, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, New Madrid, Newton, Nodaway, Oregon, Osage, Ozark, Pemiscot, Perry, Pettis, Phelps, Pike, Platte, Polk, Pulaski, Putnam, Ralls, Randolph, Ray, Reynolds, Ripley, Saline, Schuyler, Scotland, Scott, Shannon, Shelby, St. Charles, St. Clair, St. Francois, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Stoddard, Stone, Sullivan, Taney, Texas, Vernon, Warren, Wayne, Webster, Worth, Wright
MISSISSIPPI: Amite, DeSoto, Hinds, Jasper, Jefferson, Madison, Noxubee, Simpson, Tishomingo, Union
NORTH CAROLINA: Alleghany, Anson, Avery, Bertie, Bladen, Buncombe, Catawba, Chatham, Cherokee, Clay, Cumberland, Davidson, Durham, Edgecombe, Graham, Granville, Guilford, Halifax, Harnett, Haywood, Jackson, Johnston, Lee, Lenoir, Madison, Mecklenburg, Mitchell, Moore, New Hanover, Onslow, Orange, Pender, Pitt, Randolph, Rockingham, Rowan, Rutherford, Stokes, Swain, Wake, Warren, Watauga, Wayne
NEBRASKA: Cass, Dodge, Douglas, Gage, Lancaster, Otoe, Richardson, Saline, Sarpy, Thurston
NEW HAMPSHIRE: Cheshire, Grafton, Hillsborough, Rockingham, Strafford, Sullivan
NEW JERSEY: Bergen, Burlington, Cape May, Cumberland, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Warren
NEW YORK: Albany, Allegany, Bronx, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chemung, Clinton, Columbia, Delaware, Dutchess, Erie, Genesee, Greene, Jefferson, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Nassau, New York, Niagara, Oneida, Onondaga, Orange, Oswego, Otsego, Putnam, Queens, Rensselaer, Richmond, Rockland, Saratoga, Schoharie, St. Lawrence, Steuben, Suffolk, Tompkins, Ulster, Warren, Washington, Westchester, Wyoming, Yates
OHIO: Adams, Allen, Ashland, Ashtabula, Athens, Auglaize, Belmont, Brown, Butler, Carroll, Champaign, Clark, Clermont, Clinton, Columbiana, Coshocton, Crawford, Cuyahoga, Darke, Defiance, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Fayette, Franklin, Fulton, Gallia, Geauga, Greene, Guernsey, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Harrison, Henry, Highland, Holmes, Huron, Jackson, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Lawrence, Licking, Logan, Lorain, Lucas, Madison, Mahoning, Marion, Medina, Meigs, Mercer, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Morrow, Muskingum, Noble, Ottawa, Paulding, Perry, Pickaway, Pike, Portage, Preble, Putnam, Richland, Ross, Sandusky, Scioto, Seneca, Shelby, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Tuscarawas, Union, Van Wert, Vinton, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Williams, Wood, Wyandot
OKLAHOMA: Adair, Bryan, Cherokee, Cleveland, Comanche, Delaware, Johnston, Kay, Latimer, Le Flore, Mayes, McCurtain, Murray, Nowata, Oklahoma, Osage, Ottawa, Payne, Sequoyah
PENNSYLVANIA: Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Berks, Blair, Bradford, Bucks, Butler, Cambria, Cameron, Centre, Chester, Clinton, Crawford, Dauphin, Delaware, Elk, Erie, Fayette, Forest, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Juniata, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lawrence, Lehigh, Luzerne, Lycoming, McKean, Mercer, Mifflin, Monroe, Montgomery, Northampton, Northumberland, Perry, Philadelphia, Pike, Potter, Schuylkill, Somerset, Susquehanna, Tioga, Union, Venango, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Westmoreland, Wyoming, York
RHODE ISLAND: Providence, Washington
SOUTH CAROLINA: Anderson, Bamberg, Calhoun, Charleston, Cherokee, Chesterfield, Darlington, Dorchester, Greenwood, Hampton, Jasper, Kershaw, Lancaster, Newberry, Oconee, Pickens, Richland, Williamsburg, York
TENNESSEE: Anderson, Benton, Blount, Campbell, Cannon, Carter, Cheatham, Cocke, Coffee, Cumberland, Davidson, Decatur, DeKalb, Dickson, Dyer, Fayette, Franklin, Gibson, Giles, Grundy, Hamilton, Hardin, Hawkins, Haywood, Henry, Knox, Lake, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Loudon, Marion, Maury, McNairy, Monroe, Montgomery, Obion, Overton, Perry, Polk, Roane, Rutherford, Scott, Sevier, Shelby, Smith, Stewart, Sumner, Tipton, Wayne, Weakley, White, Williamson
TEXAS: Gregg, Harris, Harrison, Jasper, Liberty, Titus, Trinity
VIRGINIA: Albemarle, Alleghany, Amelia, Amherst, Augusta, Bath, Bedford, Botetourt, Brunswick, Buckingham, Campbell, Caroline, Charles City, Clarke, Culpeper, Dinwiddie, Essex, Fairfax, Fauquier, Floyd, Fluvanna, Frederick, Giles, Gloucester, Grayson, Greene, Greensville, Halifax, Hanover, Highland, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King George, Lancaster, Lee, Loudoun, Louisa, Madison, Mathews, Mecklenburg, Middlesex, Montgomery, Nelson, New Kent, Newport News, Orange, Page, Patrick, Pittsylvania, Powhatan, Prince Edward, Prince William, Rappahannock, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Russell, Shenandoah, Smyth, Southampton, Spotsylvania, Surry, Sussex, Warren, Westmoreland, York
VERMONT: Addison, Bennington, Chittenden, Orange, Rutland, Windham, Windsor
WISCONSIN: Adams, Barron, Brown, Buffalo, Calumet, Chippewa, Clark, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Eau Claire, Fond du Lac, Forest, Grant, Green, Iowa, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau, Kenosha, La Crosse, Lafayette, Lincoln, Manitowoc, Marathon, Marinette, Menominee, Milwaukee, Monroe, Oconto, Outagamie, Ozaukee, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, Racine, Richland, Rock, Rusk, Sauk, Shawano, Sheboygan, St. Croix, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vernon, Walworth, Washburn, Washington, Waukesha, Waupaca, Wood
WEST VIRGINIA: Barbour, Brooke, Cabell, Doddridge, Fayette, Grant, Greenbrier, Hampshire, Hardy, Harrison, Jefferson, Kanawha, Marion, Marshall, Mason, Mercer, Mineral, Monongalia, Monroe, Nicholas, Ohio, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Putnam, Roane, Summers, Tyler, Upshur, Wayne, Webster, Wirt

Bitternut hickory belongs to family of juglandaceae plants, its species name is cordiformis. This plant grows actively in spring and summer. Bitternut hickory has green foliage and bears green colored flowers. Bitternut hickory booms in mid spring.The plant grows in erect form with single stem. Bitternut hickory is a slow growing plant, a mature Bitternut hickory can grow up to 75 feet. This plant is highly tolerant to draught conditions.

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer Flower Color : Green
Foliage Color : Green Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Slow Height, Mature (feet) : 75
Drought Tolerance : High Frost Free Days, Minimum : 120
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -47 Palatable Human : Yes
Bloom Period : Mid Spring
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : Mid Spring Commercial Availability : Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance : Medium Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End : Fall Fruit/Seed Persistence : No
Propogated by Bare Root : Yes Propogated by Bulbs : No
Propogated by Container : Yes Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Cuttings : No Propogated by Seed : Yes
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : No
Propogated by Tubers : No Seeds per Pound : 156
Seed Spread Rate : Slow Seedling Vigor : Low
Small Grain : No Vegetative Spread Rate : None

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : No Christmas Tree Product : No
Fodder Product : No Fuelwood Product : High
Lumber Product : Yes Naval Store Product : Yes
Nursery Stock Product : No Palatable Browse Animal : Low
Palatable Graze Animal : Low Palatable Human : Yes
Post Product : No Protein Potential : Low
Pulpwood Product : Yes Veneer Product : Yes

Physiology

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - -
Bloat : None C:N Ratio : High
Coppice Potential : No Fall Conspicuous : Yes
Fire Resistance : No Flower Color : Green
Flower Conspicuous : No Foliage Color : Green
Foliage Porosity Summer : Dense Foliage Porosity Winter : Porous
Foliage Texture : Coarse Fruit Color : Brown
Fruit Conspicuous : Yes Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Slow Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : 30
Height, Mature (feet) : 75 Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : No Lifespan : Moderate
Low Growing Grass : No Nitrogen Fixation : None
Resprout Ability : Yes Shape and Orientation : Erect
Toxicity : None

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : Yes Anaerobic Tolerance : Low
CaCO3 Tolerance : High Cold Stratification Required : Yes
Drought Tolerance : High Fertility Requirement : Medium
Fire Tolerance : Medium Frost Free Days, Minimum : 120
Hedge Tolerance : None Moisture Use : Medium
pH (Minimum) : 4.8 pH (Maximum) : 7.4
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : 170 Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : 700
Precipitation (Minimum) : 70 Precipitation (Maximum) : 70
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 50 Salinity Tolerance : None
Shade Tolerance : Intolerant Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -47

BITTERNUT HICKORY GALLERY

bitternut hickory
©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS NPDC. United States, MO, Saint Louis, Missouri Botanical Garden. October 14, 2002.
bitternut hickory
Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. United States, GA, Savannah.
bitternut hickory
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, DC, Washington.
bitternut hickory
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, DC, Washington.
bitternut hickory
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, DC, Washington.
bitternut hickory
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, DC, Washington.
bitternut hickory
T.C. Nelson. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, GA. 1959.
bitternut hickory
O.W. Price. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, TN, Sowanee.
bitternut hickory
Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.
bitternut hickory
Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.
bitternut hickory
USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team, Fort Worth, TX.
bitternut hickory
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 580. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.

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