AMERICAN SPIKENARD

AMERICAN SPIKENARD GROWS BEST IN

AMERICAN SPIKENARD suitable for counties:
ALABAMA: DeKalb, Marshall, Winston
ARKANSAS: Clay, Franklin, Fulton, Independence, Marion, Newton, Phillips, Pope, St. Francis, Van Buren
ARIZONA: Apache, Cochise, Coconino, Gila, Graham, Navajo, Pima, Yavapai
COLORADO: La Plata
CONNECTICUT: Fairfield, Hartford, Litchfield, Middlesex, New Haven, New London, Tolland, Windham
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: District of Columbia
DELAWARE: New Castle
GEORGIA: Chattooga, Fannin, Habersham, Murray, Rabun, Stephens, Union, Walker, White
IOWA: Cass, Fremont, Guthrie, Monona, Shelby, Webster
ILLINOIS: Adams, Alexander, Bond, Boone, Brown, Bureau, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Champaign, Clark, Coles, Cook, Cumberland, DeKalb, DuPage, Fulton, Gallatin, Greene, Grundy, Hancock, Hardin, Henderson, Jackson, Jersey, Jo Daviess, Johnson, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, La Salle, Lake, Lee, Logan, Macon, Macoupin, Mason, Massac, McDonough, McLean, Menard, Mercer, Monroe, Ogle, Peoria, Piatt, Pike, Pope, Randolph, Richland, Rock Island, Saline, Schuyler, Scott, Shelby, St. Clair, Stephenson, Tazewell, Union, Vermilion, Wabash, Whiteside, Will, Winnebago, Woodford
INDIANA: Allen, Brown, Clark, Clay, Crawford, De Kalb, Floyd, Fountain, Gibson, Hamilton, Henry, Howard, Huntington, Jackson, Jay, Jefferson, Jennings, Kosciusko, La Porte, Lake, Lawrence, Madison, Martin, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Owen, Parke, Perry, Porter, Putnam, Ripley, Rush, St. Joseph, Steuben, Tippecanoe, Vanderburgh, Vermillion, Vigo, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Wells, White
KANSAS: Atchison, Doniphan, Douglas, Leavenworth
KENTUCKY: Barren, Bath, Bell, Breathitt, Bullitt, Caldwell, Carter, Christian, Edmonson, Elliott, Estill, Hardin, Harlan, Johnson, Lewis, McCreary, Menifee, Montgomery, Oldham, Pulaski, Rowan, Todd, Wolfe, Woodford
MASSACHUSETTS: Berkshire, Bristol, Essex, Franklin, Hampden, Hampshire, Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Worcester
MARYLAND: All counties
MAINE: Androscoggin, Aroostook, Cumberland, Franklin, Hancock, Kennebec, Knox, Lincoln, Oxford, Penobscot, Piscataquis, Sagadahoc, Somerset, Waldo, Washington, York
MICHIGAN: Alger, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac, Baraga, Benzie, Berrien, Cass, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Delta, Dickinson, Eaton, Emmet, Gogebic, Grand Traverse, Gratiot, Houghton, Huron, Ingham, Iron, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent, Keweenaw, Lapeer, Leelanau, Mackinac, Macomb, Manistee, Marquette, Mecosta, Menominee, Midland, Monroe, Montcalm, Newaygo, Oakland, Ogemaw, Otsego, Ottawa, Presque Isle, Roscommon, Schoolcraft, St. Clair, St. Joseph, Tuscola, Van Buren, Washtenaw, Wayne
MINNESOTA: Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Blue Earth, Brown, Carlton, Cass, Chisago, Clearwater, Cook, Crow Wing, Dakota, Douglas, Fillmore, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Isanti, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Le Sueur, McLeod, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Norman, Otter Tail, Pine, Pope, Rice, Scott, Sherburne, St. Louis, Stearns, Todd, Wabasha, Waseca, Washington, Winona, Wright
MISSOURI: Atchison, Benton, Bollinger, Boone, Butler, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Carter, Christian, Clark, Cole, Crawford, Dallas, DeKalb, Dent, Douglas, Dunklin, Franklin, Gasconade, Gentry, Grundy, Harrison, Howell, Iron, Jefferson, Knox, Laclede, Lewis, Lincoln, Livingston, Macon, Madison, Marion, Mercer, Miller, Moniteau, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Oregon, Osage, Ozark, Perry, Phelps, Pike, Pulaski, Ralls, Reynolds, Ripley, Schuyler, Scotland, Scott, Shannon, St. Charles, St. Francois, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Stoddard, Sullivan, Texas, Warren, Wayne, Worth, Wright
MISSISSIPPI: Grenada, Tallahatchie
NORTH CAROLINA: Ashe, Avery, Burke, Forsyth, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Orange, Randolph, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Yancey
NEBRASKA: Cherry, Douglas, Nemaha, Otoe, Richardson
NEW HAMPSHIRE: Belknap, Carroll, Cheshire, Coos, Grafton, Hillsborough, Merrimack, Rockingham, Strafford, Sullivan
NEW JERSEY: Bergen, Burlington, Camden, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Somerset, Sussex, Warren
NEW MEXICO: Catron, Rio Arriba, San Juan, San Miguel, Sandoval, Socorro
NEW YORK: Albany, Bronx, Broome, Cattaraugus, Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Delaware, Dutchess, Erie, Essex, Fulton, Genesee, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Monroe, Niagara, Oneida, Onondaga, Ontario, Orange, Oswego, Rensselaer, Rockland, St. Lawrence, Tompkins, Ulster, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Westchester
OHIO: Adams, Ashland, Ashtabula, Athens, Auglaize, Belmont, Brown, Butler, Carroll, Champaign, Clermont, Clinton, Columbiana, Coshocton, Cuyahoga, Defiance, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Franklin, Gallia, Geauga, Greene, Guernsey, Hamilton, Harrison, Highland, Hocking, Holmes, Huron, Jackson, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Lawrence, Licking, Logan, Lorain, Lucas, Madison, Mahoning, Medina, Meigs, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Morrow, Muskingum, Noble, Perry, Pike, Portage, Richland, Ross, Sandusky, Scioto, Seneca, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Tuscarawas, Vinton, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Wood
PENNSYLVANIA: Adams, Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Berks, Blair, Bradford, Bucks, Butler, Cambria, Cameron, Carbon, Centre, Chester, Clarion, Clearfield, Clinton, Columbia, Crawford, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Elk, Erie, Fayette, Forest, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Jefferson, Juniata, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lawrence, Lebanon, Lehigh, Luzerne, Lycoming, McKean, Mercer, Mifflin, Monroe, Montgomery, Montour, Northampton, Northumberland, Perry, Philadelphia, Pike, Potter, Schuylkill, Snyder, Somerset, Sullivan, Susquehanna, Union, Venango, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Westmoreland, Wyoming, York
RHODE ISLAND: Providence
SOUTH CAROLINA: Greenville, Oconee, Pickens
SOUTH DAKOTA: Grant, Marshall, Minnehaha, Roberts
TENNESSEE: Blount, Campbell, Carter, Cocke, Coffee, Cumberland, DeKalb, Franklin, Greene, Grundy, Hawkins, Hickman, Lewis, Marion, Meigs, Monroe, Morgan, Polk, Putnam, Rhea, Scott, Sevier, Shelby, Sullivan, Tipton, Unicoi, Washington, Wayne, White
TEXAS: Jeff Davis
UTAH: Kane, Washington
VIRGINIA: Albemarle, Alleghany, Amherst, Appomattox, Augusta, Bath, Bedford, Bland, Botetourt, Buchanan, Buckingham, Campbell, Clarke, Craig, Culpeper, Dickenson, Fairfax, Fauquier, Floyd, Fluvanna, Franklin, Frederick, Giles, Gloucester, Greene, Hanover, Henry, Highland, James City, Lee, Loudoun, Louisa, Madison, Montgomery, Nelson, Orange, Page, Patrick, Pittsylvania, Pulaski, Rappahannock, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Russell, Scott, Shenandoah, Smyth, Stafford, Surry, Tazewell, Warren, Washington, Wise, Wythe, York
VERMONT: Addison, Bennington, Caledonia, Chittenden, Essex, Franklin, Grand Isle, Lamoille, Orange, Orleans, Rutland, Washington, Windham, Windsor
WISCONSIN: Adams, Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Brown, Buffalo, Burnett, Calumet, Chippewa, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Florence, Fond du Lac, Forest, Grant, Green, Iowa, Iron, Jackson, Kenosha, Kewaunee, La Crosse, Lafayette, Langlade, Lincoln, Manitowoc, Marathon, Marinette, Marquette, Menominee, Milwaukee, Monroe, Oconto, Oneida, Outagamie, Ozaukee, Pierce, Polk, Portage, Price, Racine, Richland, Rock, Rusk, Sauk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, St. Croix, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vernon, Vilas, Walworth, Washburn, Washington, Waupaca, Waushara, Wood
WEST VIRGINIA: Braxton, Brooke, Calhoun, Clay, Fayette, Grant, Greenbrier, Hancock, Hardy, Harrison, Kanawha, Marshall, Mercer, Mineral, Monongalia, Ohio, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Preston, Putnam, Randolph, Summers, Taylor, Tucker, Tyler, Upshur, Wayne, Webster, Wetzel, Wirt, Wyoming
Active Growth Period : - - Flower Color : - -
Foliage Color : - - Growth Form : - -
Growth Rate : - - Height, Mature (feet) : - -
Drought Tolerance : - - Frost Free Days, Minimum : - -
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : - - Palatable Human : - -
Bloom Period : - -
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : - - Commercial Availability : - -
Fruit/Seed Abundance : - - Fruit/Seed Period Begin : - -
Fruit/Seed Period End : - - Fruit/Seed Persistence : - -
Propogated by Bare Root : - - Propogated by Bulbs : - -
Propogated by Container : - - Propogated by Corms : - -
Propogated by Cuttings : - - Propogated by Seed : - -
Propogated by Sod : - - Propogated by Sprigs : - -
Propogated by Tubers : - - Seeds per Pound : - -
Seed Spread Rate : - - Seedling Vigor : - -
Small Grain : - - Vegetative Spread Rate : - -

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : - - Christmas Tree Product : - -
Fodder Product : - - Fuelwood Product : - -
Lumber Product : - - Naval Store Product : - -
Nursery Stock Product : - - Palatable Browse Animal : - -
Palatable Graze Animal : - - Palatable Human : - -
Post Product : - - Protein Potential : - -
Pulpwood Product : - - Veneer Product : - -

Physiology

Active Growth Period : - - After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - -
Bloat : - - C:N Ratio : - -
Coppice Potential : - - Fall Conspicuous : - -
Fire Resistance : - - Flower Color : - -
Flower Conspicuous : - - Foliage Color : - -
Foliage Porosity Summer : - - Foliage Porosity Winter : - -
Foliage Texture : - - Fruit Color : - -
Fruit Conspicuous : - - Growth Form : - -
Growth Rate : - - Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : - -
Height, Mature (feet) : - - Known Allelopath : - -
Leaf Retention : - - Lifespan : - -
Low Growing Grass : - - Nitrogen Fixation : - -
Resprout Ability : - - Shape and Orientation : - -
Toxicity : - -

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : - - Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : - -
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : - - Anaerobic Tolerance : - -
CaCO3 Tolerance : - - Cold Stratification Required : - -
Drought Tolerance : - - Fertility Requirement : - -
Fire Tolerance : - - Frost Free Days, Minimum : - -
Hedge Tolerance : - - Moisture Use : - -
pH (Minimum) : - - pH (Maximum) : - -
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : - - Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : - -
Precipitation (Minimum) : - - Precipitation (Maximum) : - -
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : - - Salinity Tolerance : - -
Shade Tolerance : - - Temperature, Minimum (°F) : - -

AMERICAN SPIKENARD GALLERY

American spikenard
Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky.
American spikenard
Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. United States, MD, Baltimore.
American spikenard
R.A. Howard. Smithsonian Institution. Courtesy of Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection. United States, WA, Seattle.
American spikenard
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 617. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.

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