GRAND FIR

GRAND FIR GROWS BEST IN

GRAND FIR suitable for counties:
CALIFORNIA: Del Norte, Humboldt, Mendocino, Siskiyou, Sonoma
IDAHO: Adams, Benewah, Boise, Bonner, Boundary, Clearwater, Elmore, Fremont, Idaho, Kootenai, Latah, Shoshone, Teton, Valley, Washington
MONTANA: Flathead, Missoula, Sanders
OREGON: Baker, Benton, Clackamas, Clatsop, Columbia, Coos, Crook, Curry, Deschutes, Douglas, Grant, Harney, Hood River, Jackson, Jefferson, Josephine, Klamath, Lake, Lane, Linn, Marion, Morrow, Multnomah, Polk, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, Wasco, Washington, Wheeler, Yamhill
WASHINGTON: Asotin, Chelan, Clallam, Cowlitz, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kittitas, Lewis, Mason, Pacific, Pend Oreille, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whitman, Yakima

Grand fir belongs to family of pinaceae plants, its species name is grandis. This plant grows actively in spring and summer. Grand fir has green foliage. Grand fir booms in late spring.The plant grows in conical form with single stem. Grand fir is a moderately growing plant, a mature Grand fir can grow up to 150 feet. This plant is some what tolerant to draught conditions.

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer Flower Color : - -
Foliage Color : Green Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Moderate Height, Mature (feet) : 150
Drought Tolerance : Medium Frost Free Days, Minimum : 60
Temperature, Minimum (┬░F) : -33 Palatable Human : No
Bloom Period : Late Spring
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : Late Spring Commercial Availability : Field Collections Only
Fruit/Seed Abundance : Medium Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End : Fall Fruit/Seed Persistence : No
Propogated by Bare Root : Yes Propogated by Bulbs : No
Propogated by Container : Yes Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Cuttings : No Propogated by Seed : Yes
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : No
Propogated by Tubers : No Seeds per Pound : 23200
Seed Spread Rate : Slow Seedling Vigor : Low
Small Grain : No Vegetative Spread Rate : None

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : No Christmas Tree Product : Yes
Fodder Product : No Fuelwood Product : Low
Lumber Product : Yes Naval Store Product : No
Nursery Stock Product : Yes Palatable Browse Animal : Low
Palatable Graze Animal : - - Palatable Human : No
Post Product : No Protein Potential : Low
Pulpwood Product : Yes Veneer Product : Yes

Physiology

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - -
Bloat : None C:N Ratio : High
Coppice Potential : No Fall Conspicuous : No
Fire Resistance : Yes Flower Color : - -
Flower Conspicuous : No Foliage Color : Green
Foliage Porosity Summer : Dense Foliage Porosity Winter : Dense
Foliage Texture : Medium Fruit Color : Brown
Fruit Conspicuous : No Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Moderate Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : 25
Height, Mature (feet) : 150 Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : Yes Lifespan : Long
Low Growing Grass : No Nitrogen Fixation : None
Resprout Ability : No Shape and Orientation : Conical
Toxicity : None

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : No Anaerobic Tolerance : Low
CaCO3 Tolerance : Low Cold Stratification Required : Yes
Drought Tolerance : Medium Fertility Requirement : Medium
Fire Tolerance : High Frost Free Days, Minimum : 60
Hedge Tolerance : Low Moisture Use : Medium
pH (Minimum) : 4.5 pH (Maximum) : 7.5
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : 300 Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : 1200
Precipitation (Minimum) : 100 Precipitation (Maximum) : 100
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 20 Salinity Tolerance : None
Shade Tolerance : Tolerant Temperature, Minimum (┬░F) : -33

GRAND FIR GALLERY

grand fir
Courtesy of USDA Forest Service.
grand fir
Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. United States, MT.
grand fir
Ray M. Filloon. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, WA. 1936.
grand fir
K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, ID. 1935.
grand fir
K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, ID. 1935.
grand fir
K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, ID. 1935.
grand fir
ęSusan McDougall. The Flora of Mt. Adams.
grand fir
ęSusan McDougall. The Flora of Mt. Adams.
grand fir
ęSusan McDougall. The Flora of Mt. Adams. United States, WA, Mount Rainier National Park, Sunshine Point Campground. July 6, 2003.
grand fir
ęSusan McDougall. The Flora of Mt. Adams.
grand fir
ęSusan McDougall. The Flora of Mt. Adams. United States, WA, Mission Ridge. July 13, 2003.
grand fir
ęSusan McDougall. The Flora of Mt. Adams. United States, WA, Mount Rainier National Park, Sunshine Point Campground. July 6, 2003.

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