PECAN

PECAN GROWS BEST IN

PECAN suitable for counties:
TENNESSEE: Blount, Claiborne, Crockett, Davidson, Franklin, Gibson, Hardeman, Haywood, Lake, Lauderdale, Lincoln, Madison, Marion, Montgomery, Obion, Sevier, Shelby, Stewart, Williamson
TEXAS: Bastrop, Bell, Bexar, Blanco, Brazoria, Brazos, Burleson, Clay, Colorado, Comal, Dallas, Edwards, Fayette, Fort Bend, Freestone, Galveston, Gillespie, Goliad, Gonzales, Grayson, Gregg, Hays, Jackson, Jeff Davis, Karnes, Kimble, Lampasas, Lavaca, Llano, Madison, Marion, Mason, McLennan, Mills, Motley, Robertson, Tarrant, Travis, Val Verde, Washington, Webb, Williamson
VIRGINIA: Fairfax, Hampton, Henrico, James City, King William, Louisa, Mathews, Virginia Beach
ALABAMA: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Calhoun, Cleburne, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Elmore, Fayette, Hale, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Perry, Russell, Tuscaloosa
ARKANSAS: Arkansas, Ashley, Benton, Boone, Bradley, Calhoun, Chicot, Clark, Clay, Cleburne, Cleveland, Columbia, Conway, Craighead, Crawford, Crittenden, Cross, Dallas, Drew, Faulkner, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Hempstead, Hot Spring, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Little River, Logan, Lonoke, Marion, Miller, Mississippi, Monroe, Nevada, Newton, Perry, Phillips, Pike, Poinsett, Pope, Prairie, Pulaski, Randolph, Saline, Scott, Sebastian, Sevier, Sharp, St. Francis, Stone, Union, Washington, White, Woodruff, Yell
FLORIDA: Brevard, Escambia, Franklin, Leon, Levy, Madison, Orange
GEORGIA: Crisp, McIntosh, Morgan, Seminole, Tattnall, Walton, Wilkes
IOWA: All counties
ILLINOIS: Adams, Alexander, Brown, Calhoun, Cass, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Coles, Crawford, Edwards, Fayette, Ford, Franklin, Fulton, Gallatin, Greene, Hancock, Hardin, Henderson, Jackson, Jersey, Jo Daviess, Johnson, Lawrence, Logan, Macon, Macoupin, Mason, Massac, Menard, Mercer, Monroe, Morgan, Peoria, Perry, Pike, Pope, Pulaski, Randolph, Richland, Rock Island, Schuyler, St. Clair, Union, Wabash, Washington, Wayne, White, Whiteside, Woodford
INDIANA: Clay, Daviess, Fountain, Gibson, Knox, Lawrence, Perry, Posey, Spencer, Sullivan, Vanderburgh, Vigo, Warrick
KANSAS: Allen, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Coffey, Cowley, Franklin, Labette, Linn, Lyon, Miami, Montgomery, Neosho, Osage, Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte
KENTUCKY: Anderson, Ballard, Crittenden, Edmonson, Fulton, Henderson, Livingston, Meade, Monroe, Perry, Trimble, Union
LOUISIANA: Allen, Ascension, Assumption, Avoyelles, Beauregard, Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Calcasieu, Caldwell, Cameron, Catahoula, Claiborne, Concordia, De Soto, East Baton Rouge, East Carroll, East Feliciana, Evangeline, Franklin, Grant, Iberia, Iberville, Jackson, Jefferson, Jefferson Davis, La Salle, Lafayette, Lincoln, Madison, Morehouse, Natchitoches, Orleans, Ouachita, Pointe Coupee, Rapides, Red River, Richland, Sabine, St Bernard, St. Charles, St. Helena, St. James, St. Martin, St. Mary, St. Tammany, Tensas, Terrebonne, Union, Vermilion, Washington, Webster, West Carroll, West Feliciana, Winn
MARYLAND: All counties
MISSOURI: Adair, Bates, Benton, Bollinger, Callaway, Camden, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Chariton, Clark, Clay, Cole, Cooper, Dunklin, Gasconade, Henry, Howard, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Lewis, Lincoln, Linn, Livingston, Maries, McDonald, Mississippi, Moniteau, Montgomery, Morgan, New Madrid, Osage, Ozark, Pemiscot, Perry, Pettis, Pike, Platte, Ralls, Randolph, Ripley, Saline, Schuyler, Scott, Shannon, St. Charles, St. Clair, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Vernon
MISSISSIPPI: Amite, Bolivar, Coahoma, Copiah, DeSoto, Hancock, Holmes, Lafayette, Leflore, Madison, Panola, Pearl River, Sharkey, Sunflower, Union, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Wilkinson, Yazoo
NORTH CAROLINA: Guilford, Robeson
OHIO: Butler, Perry
OKLAHOMA: Adair, Bryan, Caddo, Carter, Cherokee, Cleveland, Comanche, Cotton, Creek, Delaware, Grady, Greer, Jefferson, Johnston, Kay, Kiowa, Le Flore, Logan, Marshall, Mayes, McClain, McCurtain, Murray, Muskogee, Oklahoma, Osage, Ottawa, Pawnee, Payne, Pontotoc, Pottawatomie, Rogers, Sequoyah, Stephens, Tulsa, Washington, Washita, Woods
SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort, Charleston, Newberry, York

Pecan belongs to family of juglandaceae plants, its species name is illinoinensis. This plant grows actively in spring and summer. Pecan has yellow-green foliage and bears yellow colored flowers. Pecan booms in early spring.The plant grows in erect form with single stem. Pecan is a slow growing plant, a mature Pecan can grow up to 120 feet. This plant has very low tolerance to draught conditons.

Height, Mature (feet) : 120 Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -21
Frost Free Days, Minimum : 180 Drought Tolerance : Low
Bloom Period : Early Spring Growth Form : Single Stem
Growth Rate : Slow Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer
Flower Color : Yellow Foliage Color : Yellow-Green
Palatable Human : Yes
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Seeds per Pound : 130 Bloom Period : Early Spring
Fruit/Seed Period End : Fall Fruit/Seed Abundance : High
Seedling Vigor : Medium Fruit/Seed Persistence : No
Propogated by Bulbs : No Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : No
Propogated by Tubers : No Small Grain : No
Commercial Availability : Routinely Available Seed Spread Rate : Slow
Vegetative Spread Rate : Slow Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Summer
Propogated by Bare Root : Yes Propogated by Container : Yes
Propogated by Cuttings : Yes Propogated by Seed : Yes

Use

Fuelwood Product : High Palatable Browse Animal : Low
Palatable Graze Animal : Low Protein Potential : Low
Christmas Tree Product : No Fodder Product : No
Naval Store Product : No Post Product : No
Pulpwood Product : No Berry/Nut/Seed Product : Yes
Lumber Product : Yes Nursery Stock Product : Yes
Palatable Human : Yes Veneer Product : Yes

Physiology

After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - - Height, Mature (feet) : 120
Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : 35 Fruit Color : Brown
Foliage Porosity Summer : Dense Shape and Orientation : Erect
Foliage Texture : Fine C:N Ratio : High
Lifespan : Long Coppice Potential : No
Fall Conspicuous : No Fire Resistance : No
Flower Conspicuous : No Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : No Low Growing Grass : No
Bloat : None Nitrogen Fixation : None
Toxicity : None Foliage Porosity Winter : Porous
Growth Form : Single Stem Growth Rate : Slow
Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer Flower Color : Yellow
Foliage Color : Yellow-Green Fruit Conspicuous : Yes
Resprout Ability : Yes

Growth Requirements

Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -21 Frost Free Days, Minimum : 180
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : 300 Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 32
pH (Minimum) : 4.5 pH (Maximum) : 7.5
Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : 700 Precipitation (Minimum) : 79
Precipitation (Maximum) : 79 Fertility Requirement : High
Moisture Use : High Shade Tolerance : Intolerant
CaCO3 Tolerance : Low Drought Tolerance : Low
Fire Tolerance : Low Hedge Tolerance : Low
Anaerobic Tolerance : None Salinity Tolerance : None
Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : Yes Cold Stratification Required : Yes

PECAN GALLERY

pecan
Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.
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Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.
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©Larry Allain. USGS NWRC.
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William R. Barbour. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, TN, Discovery National Forest. 1941.
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W.G. Baxter. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, KS, Reno Co. 1938.
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W.G. Baxter. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, OK.
pecan
W.G. Baxter. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, OK.
pecan
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, MD.
pecan
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, MD.
pecan
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, MD.
pecan
D.J. Morriss. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, FL. 1940.
pecan
W.H. Shaffer. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, VA, Mount Vernon. 1932.
pecan
Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, OK.
pecan
©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, OK, Edmond.
pecan
USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team, Fort Worth, TX.
pecan
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 580. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.

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