SWITCHGRASS

SWITCHGRASS GROWS BEST IN

SWITCHGRASS suitable for counties:
ARIZONA: Coconino, Gila, Navajo, Pima, Yavapai
COLORADO: Arapahoe, Baca, Bent, Boulder, Cheyenne, Delta, Denver, El Paso, Jefferson, Kiowa, Kit Carson, Larimer, Las Animas, Lincoln, Logan, Mesa, Montrose, Otero, Phillips, Prowers, San Miguel, Sedgwick, Washington, Weld, Yuma
ALABAMA: Baldwin, Cherokee, DeKalb, Hale, Lee, Lowndes, Madison, Mobile, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox
ARKANSAS: Arkansas, Ashley, Baxter, Benton, Boone, Bradley, Calhoun, Carroll, Cleburne, Craighead, Drew, Faulkner, Franklin, Fulton, Garland, Howard, Izard, Jefferson, Johnson, Lincoln, Logan, Lonoke, Madison, Marion, Monroe, Perry, Prairie, Pulaski, Saline, Scott, Sebastian, Sharp, St. Francis, Stone, Union, Yell
DELAWARE: Kent, New Castle, Sussex
FLORIDA: Alachua, Bay, Brevard, Broward, Calhoun, Charlotte, Citrus, Clay, Collier, Dixie, Duval, Escambia, Flagler, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Hamilton, Hernando, Holmes, Indian River, Jackson, Lee, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Manatee, Marion, Martin, Monroe, Nassau, Okaloosa, Orange, Palm Beach, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, Santa Rosa, Sarasota, St. Johns, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, Washington
CONNECTICUT: Fairfield, Hartford, Middlesex, New Haven, New London, Tolland, Windham
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: District of Columbia
IOWA: Allamakee, Audubon, Boone, Buena Vista, Calhoun, Carroll, Cherokee, Clarke, Clay, Crawford, Dallas, Decatur, Dickinson, Emmet, Fremont, Greene, Guthrie, Harrison, Humboldt, Ida, Jasper, Kossuth, Louisa, Lyon, Mahaska, Mills, Monona, O'Brien, Page, Palo Alto, Pocahontas, Polk, Pottawattamie, Ringgold, Sac, Shelby, Sioux, Story, Union, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Winneshiek, Woodbury
IDAHO: Lincoln, Nez Perce
GEORGIA: Baker, Bartow, Berrien, Calhoun, Camden, Catoosa, Chatham, Cobb, Colquitt, Cook, Dougherty, Douglas, Fulton, Glynn, Grady, Harris, Liberty, McIntosh, Mitchell, Rabun, Rockdale, Spalding, Terrell, Thomas, Toombs, Upson, Worth
HAWAII: Honolulu
KANSAS: Allen, Anderson, Atchison, Barber, Barton, Bourbon, Brown, Butler, Chase, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Clark, Clay, Cloud, Coffey, Comanche, Cowley, Crawford, Decatur, Dickinson, Doniphan, Douglas, Edwards, Elk, Ellis, Ellsworth, Finney, Ford, Franklin, Geary, Gove, Graham, Grant, Gray, Greeley, Greenwood, Hamilton, Harper, Harvey, Haskell, Hodgeman, Jackson, Jefferson, Jewell, Johnson, Kearny, Kingman, Kiowa, Labette, Lane, Leavenworth, Lincoln, Linn, Logan, Lyon, Marion, Marshall, McPherson, Meade, Miami, Mitchell, Montgomery, Morris, Morton, Nemaha, Neosho, Ness, Norton, Osage, Osborne, Ottawa, Pawnee, Phillips, Pottawatomie, Pratt, Rawlins, Reno, Republic, Rice, Riley, Rooks, Rush, Russell, Saline, Scott, Sedgwick, Seward, Shawnee, Sheridan, Sherman, Smith, Stafford, Stanton, Stevens, Sumner, Thomas, Trego, Wabaunsee, Wallace, Washington, Wichita, Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte
KENTUCKY: Ballard, Boone, Bracken, Breckinridge, Butler, Campbell, Carter, Christian, Crittenden, Edmonson, Fayette, Gallatin, Garrard, Greenup, Hardin, Hickman, Jefferson, Jessamine, Laurel, Lewis, Livingston, Lyon, Madison, Marshall, McCracken, McCreary, Meade, Oldham, Pendleton, Pulaski, Trigg, Warren, Wayne, Whitley
ILLINOIS: Adams, Alexander, Bond, Boone, Brown, Bureau, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Champaign, Clay, Clinton, Coles, Cook, Crawford, De Witt, DeKalb, Douglas, DuPage, Edwards, Effingham, Fayette, Ford, Fulton, Gallatin, Grundy, Hancock, Hardin, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Jackson, Jasper, Jersey, Jo Daviess, Johnson, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Knox, La Salle, Lake, Lawrence, Lee, Livingston, Logan, Macon, Macoupin, Marion, Mason, Massac, McDonough, McHenry, McLean, Menard, Mercer, Morgan, Moultrie, Ogle, Peoria, Piatt, Pike, Pope, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Rock Island, Saline, Sangamon, Schuyler, Scott, St. Clair, Stark, Stephenson, Tazewell, Union, Vermilion, Wabash, Warren, Washington, Wayne, White, Whiteside, Will, Williamson, Winnebago, Woodford
INDIANA: Allen, Benton, Cass, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Daviess, Dearborn, Elkhart, Floyd, Fountain, Fulton, Gibson, Greene, Hamilton, Harrison, Hendricks, Henry, Howard, Huntington, Jasper, Jay, Jefferson, Knox, Kosciusko, La Porte, Lagrange, Lake, Lawrence, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Newton, Ohio, Perry, Porter, Posey, Pulaski, Putnam, Ripley, St. Joseph, Starke, Steuben, Sullivan, Switzerland, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Vermillion, Vigo, Warren, Wells, White
MARYLAND: All counties
MAINE: Cumberland, Oxford, Penobscot, Piscataquis, Sagadahoc, York
LOUISIANA: Acadia, Allen, Beauregard, Caddo, Calcasieu, Cameron, Claiborne, De Soto, East Baton Rouge, East Feliciana, Evangeline, Grant, Iberia, Jefferson, Jefferson Davis, La Salle, Lafayette, Lafourche, Livingston, Morehouse, Natchitoches, Orleans, Ouachita, Rapides, Sabine, St Bernard, St. Charles, St. Helena, St. Mary, St. Tammany, Tangipahoa, Terrebonne, Union, Vermilion, Vernon, Washington, Webster, West Carroll, Winn
MASSACHUSETTS: Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes, Essex, Franklin, Hampden, Hampshire, Middlesex, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk, Worcester
MISSOURI: Atchison, Audrain, Barry, Barton, Bates, Benton, Bollinger, Boone, Buchanan, Butler, Caldwell, Callaway, Camden, Cape Girardeau, Carter, Cass, Christian, Cole, Cooper, Crawford, Dallas, DeKalb, Dent, Franklin, Greene, Henry, Howell, Iron, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Laclede, Lawrence, Lincoln, Linn, Macon, Madison, Marion, McDonald, Miller, Monroe, Morgan, Newton, Nodaway, Oregon, Osage, Perry, Pettis, Pike, Platte, Polk, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Ray, Reynolds, Shannon, St. Charles, St. Clair, St. Francois, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Stoddard, Stone, Sullivan, Taney, Vernon, Washington, Wayne, Worth, Wright
MISSISSIPPI: Alcorn, Amite, Carroll, Clarke, Clay, Copiah, Covington, Forrest, Greene, Hancock, Harrison, Hinds, Itawamba, Jackson, Jones, Lamar, Lawrence, Leake, Lee, Leflore, Lincoln, Madison, Marion, Monroe, Montgomery, Noxubee, Pearl River, Perry, Pontotoc, Prentiss, Rankin, Scott, Smith, Stone, Tishomingo, Tunica, Winston, Yalobusha
MICHIGAN: Allegan, Arenac, Bay, Benzie, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Cheboygan, Dickinson, Eaton, Grand Traverse, Hillsdale, Houghton, Huron, Ingham, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent, Lapeer, Leelanau, Lenawee, Livingston, Mason, Monroe, Muskegon, Oakland, Oceana, Ottawa, Presque Isle, Shiawassee, St. Clair, Tuscola, Van Buren, Washtenaw, Wayne
MINNESOTA: Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Big Stone, Blue Earth, Brown, Carlton, Cass, Chippewa, Clay, Clearwater, Cottonwood, Dakota, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Grant, Hennepin, Houston, Jackson, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Lac qui Parle, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Le Sueur, Lincoln, Lyon, Martin, McLeod, Morrison, Mower, Nicollet, Nobles, Norman, Otter Tail, Pennington, Pine, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Roseau, Sherburne, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Stevens, Swift, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Waseca, Washington, Wilkin, Winona, Wright, Yellow Medicine
NORTH DAKOTA: Barnes, Benson, Billings, Bottineau, Bowman, Burleigh, Cass, Dickey, Divide, Eddy, Emmons, Foster, Golden Valley, Grand Forks, Grant, Griggs, Hettinger, Kidder, LaMoure, McHenry, McIntosh, Mercer, Morton, Nelson, Oliver, Ransom, Richland, Sargent, Sioux, Slope, Stark, Stutsman, Ward, Williams
NEBRASKA: Antelope, Arthur, Banner, Box Butte, Boyd, Brown, Buffalo, Butler, Cass, Chase, Cherry, Cheyenne, Clay, Cuming, Custer, Dawes, Dawson, Dixon, Dodge, Dundy, Franklin, Furnas, Gage, Garden, Grant, Greeley, Hall, Harlan, Hitchcock, Holt, Hooker, Howard, Jefferson, Kearney, Keith, Keya Paha, Knox, Lancaster, Lincoln, Logan, Loup, McPherson, Merrick, Morrill, Nemaha, Nuckolls, Otoe, Pawnee, Platte, Polk, Red Willow, Richardson, Saline, Sarpy, Saunders, Scotts Bluff, Seward, Sheridan, Sherman, Sioux, Stanton, Thayer, Thomas, Valley, Washington, Webster, Wheeler, York
MONTANA: Custer, Daniels, McCone, Wibaux, Yellowstone
NORTH CAROLINA: Alleghany, Beaufort, Bertie, Bladen, Brunswick, Buncombe, Carteret, Chatham, Cherokee, Columbus, Craven, Cumberland, Currituck, Dare, Duplin, Durham, Forsyth, Franklin, Greene, Halifax, Harnett, Henderson, Hoke, Hyde, Jackson, Johnston, Jones, Lee, Lenoir, Martin, Montgomery, Nash, New Hanover, Northampton, Onslow, Pamlico, Pasquotank, Pender, Perquimans, Person, Pitt, Richmond, Robeson, Sampson, Scotland, Tyrrell, Union, Wake, Washington, Wayne, Wilson
NEW MEXICO: Chaves, Colfax, Curry, De Baca, Guadalupe, Harding, Hidalgo, Lea, Lincoln, Los Alamos, Mora, Quay, Rio Arriba, Roosevelt, San Miguel, Sandoval, Santa Fe, Union, Valencia
NEVADA: Nye
NEW HAMPSHIRE: Carroll, Cheshire, Coos, Hillsborough, Rockingham, Strafford, Sullivan
NEW JERSEY: Atlantic, Bergen, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, Passaic, Salem, Warren
OKLAHOMA: Alfalfa, Beaver, Beckham, Bryan, Caddo, Cimarron, Cleveland, Comanche, Craig, Custer, Delaware, Grady, Grant, Greer, Harper, Johnston, Kay, Kingfisher, Kiowa, Le Flore, Logan, Love, McClain, Murray, Muskogee, Oklahoma, Osage, Ottawa, Pawnee, Payne, Pontotoc, Roger Mills, Rogers, Sequoyah, Texas, Washita, Woods, Woodward
PENNSYLVANIA: Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Berks, Blair, Bradford, Bucks, Butler, Cameron, Centre, Chester, Clarion, Clearfield, Clinton, Columbia, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Erie, Fayette, Forest, Huntingdon, Indiana, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lawrence, Lehigh, Luzerne, Lycoming, McKean, Monroe, Montgomery, Montour, Northampton, Northumberland, Philadelphia, Pike, Potter, Snyder, Tioga, Union, Venango, Wayne, Westmoreland, Wyoming, York
NEW YORK: Albany, Bronx, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Columbia, Delaware, Erie, Genesee, Kings, Madison, Monroe, Nassau, New York, Onondaga, Orange, Oswego, Putnam, Queens, Rensselaer, Richmond, Rockland, Schenectady, Schuyler, Suffolk, Tompkins, Ulster, Warren, Westchester
OHIO: Adams, Allen, Ashland, Ashtabula, Athens, Auglaize, Belmont, Brown, Carroll, Clinton, Columbiana, Crawford, Cuyahoga, Defiance, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Franklin, Gallia, Geauga, Guernsey, Hamilton, Harrison, Henry, Highland, Hocking, Huron, Jackson, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Lawrence, Lorain, Madison, Mahoning, Marion, Medina, Meigs, Monroe, Morgan, Muskingum, Ottawa, Perry, Pickaway, Pike, Portage, Putnam, Richland, Ross, Sandusky, Scioto, Seneca, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Tuscarawas, Van Wert, Vinton, Washington, Wayne, Wood, Wyandot
SOUTH DAKOTA: Bon Homme, Brown, Brule, Charles Mix, Clark, Clay, Codington, Corson, Custer, Davison, Day, Edmunds, Fall River, Faulk, Grant, Gregory, Hamlin, Hand, Hanson, Harding, Hughes, Jerauld, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McPherson, Minnehaha, Pennington, Sanborn, Spink, Stanley, Todd, Union, Walworth
TENNESSEE: Anderson, Benton, Bledsoe, Blount, Carroll, Cheatham, Coffee, Cumberland, Davidson, Fentress, Franklin, Grainger, Grundy, Hamilton, Hardeman, Knox, Madison, McNairy, Montgomery, Morgan, Putnam, Roane, Rutherford, Scott, Shelby, Stewart, Unicoi, Van Buren, Warren, White
RHODE ISLAND: Bristol, Kent, Newport, Providence, Washington
SOUTH CAROLINA: Aiken, Allendale, Barnwell, Beaufort, Berkeley, Calhoun, Charleston, Chesterfield, Clarendon, Colleton, Darlington, Dillon, Florence, Georgetown, Horry, Jasper, Kershaw, Lee, Lexington, Marion, Marlboro, Orangeburg, Richland, Sumter, Williamsburg
VIRGINIA: Accomack, Albemarle, Alleghany, Amherst, Arlington, Augusta, Bedford, Caroline, Charles City, Chesapeake, Chesterfield, Culpeper, Dinwiddie, Essex, Fairfax, Fauquier, Frederick, Gloucester, Grayson, Greensville, Hampton, Hanover, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King George, King William, Lancaster, Louisa, Madison, Mathews, Middlesex, New Kent, Newport News, Northampton, Northumberland, Prince George, Prince William, Richmond, Rockingham, Southampton, Stafford, Suffolk, Surry, Sussex, Virginia Beach, Westmoreland, York
VERMONT: Addison, Windham, Windsor
TEXAS: Anderson, Angelina, Aransas, Austin, Bailey, Bastrop, Bell, Brazoria, Brazos, Brewster, Briscoe, Brooks, Brown, Burnet, Calhoun, Carson, Chambers, Clay, Colorado, Comal, Concho, Cooke, Coryell, Crosby, Dallam, Dallas, Deaf Smith, Denton, Dickens, Donley, Edwards, Freestone, Galveston, Garza, Gillespie, Gonzales, Grayson, Gregg, Grimes, Hall, Harris, Harrison, Hartley, Hays, Hemphill, Henderson, Hood, Hudspeth, Hunt, Hutchinson, Jack, Jasper, Jeff Davis, Jefferson, Johnson, Karnes, Kendall, Kenedy, Kerr, Kimble, Kinney, Kleberg, La Salle, Lamar, Lamb, Lampasas, Leon, Limestone, Lipscomb, Llano, Lubbock, Madison, Marion, Mason, McCulloch, McLennan, Menard, Milam, Mitchell, Montgomery, Moore, Motley, Nacogdoches, Newton, Nueces, Oldham, Parker, Potter, Randall, Reeves, Refugio, Roberts, Robertson, Rockwall, Rusk, Sabine, San Augustine, San Patricio, San Saba, Smith, Sutton, Tarrant, Taylor, Tom Green, Travis, Uvalde, Val Verde, Walker, Washington, Wheeler, Wichita, Wilbarger, Willacy, Williamson, Wilson, Wood
UTAH: Emery, Garfield, Grand, Kane, San Juan, Utah, Wayne
WYOMING: Albany, Converse, Crook, Fremont, Goshen, Laramie, Platte
WISCONSIN: Adams, Barron, Bayfield, Brown, Buffalo, Burnett, Chippewa, Clark, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Douglas, Eau Claire, Fond du Lac, Grant, Green, Iowa, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau, Kenosha, La Crosse, Lafayette, Lincoln, Marathon, Marinette, Menominee, Milwaukee, Monroe, Oconto, Outagamie, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, Portage, Racine, Richland, Sauk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, St. Croix, Trempealeau, Vernon, Walworth, Washburn, Waukesha, Winnebago, Wood
WEST VIRGINIA: Barbour, Brooke, Cabell, Fayette, Hampshire, Hancock, Hardy, Lewis, Marion, Mason, Mercer, Mineral, Monongalia, Ohio, Preston, Raleigh, Summers, Taylor, Tucker, Upshur, Wetzel, Wood

Switchgrass is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie and can be found in remnant prairies, in native grass pastures, and naturalized along roadsides.Switchgrass is a hardy, deep-rooted, perennial rhizomatous grass that begins growth in late spring. It can grow up to 2.7 m high, but is typically shorter than big bluestem grass or indiangrass. The leaves are 30–90 cm long, with a prominent midrib.

Switchgrass can be grown on land considered unsuitable for row crop production, including land that is too erodible for corn production, as well as sandy and gravelly soils in humid regions that typically produce low yields of other farm crops.

Active Growth Period : Summer Flower Color : Yellow
Foliage Color : Green Growth Form : Rhizomatous
Growth Rate : Rapid Height, Mature (feet) : 5.0
Drought Tolerance : Medium Frost Free Days, Minimum : 120
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -43 Palatable Human : No
Bloom Period : Mid Summer
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : Mid Summer Commercial Availability : Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance : High Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End : Fall Fruit/Seed Persistence : No
Propogated by Bare Root : No Propogated by Bulbs : No
Propogated by Container : No Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Cuttings : No Propogated by Seed : Yes
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : No
Propogated by Tubers : No Seeds per Pound : 259000
Seed Spread Rate : Slow Seedling Vigor : Medium
Small Grain : No Vegetative Spread Rate : Slow

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : No Christmas Tree Product : No
Fodder Product : Yes Fuelwood Product : - -
Lumber Product : No Naval Store Product : No
Nursery Stock Product : No Palatable Browse Animal : Medium
Palatable Graze Animal : High Palatable Human : No
Post Product : No Protein Potential : Medium
Pulpwood Product : No Veneer Product : No

Physiology

Active Growth Period : Summer After Harvest Regrowth Rate : Moderate
Bloat : None C:N Ratio : Medium
Coppice Potential : No Fall Conspicuous : No
Fire Resistance : No Flower Color : Yellow
Flower Conspicuous : No Foliage Color : Green
Foliage Porosity Summer : Dense Foliage Porosity Winter : Dense
Foliage Texture : Coarse Fruit Color : Brown
Fruit Conspicuous : No Growth Form : Rhizomatous
Growth Rate : Rapid Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : - -
Height, Mature (feet) : 5.0 Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : No Lifespan : Long
Low Growing Grass : No Nitrogen Fixation : None
Resprout Ability : No Shape and Orientation : Erect
Toxicity : None

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : Yes Anaerobic Tolerance : Medium
CaCO3 Tolerance : Low Cold Stratification Required : No
Drought Tolerance : Medium Fertility Requirement : High
Fire Tolerance : High Frost Free Days, Minimum : 120
Hedge Tolerance : None Moisture Use : Medium
pH (Minimum) : 4.5 pH (Maximum) : 8.0
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : - - Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : - -
Precipitation (Minimum) : 60 Precipitation (Maximum) : 60
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 12 Salinity Tolerance : Medium
Shade Tolerance : Intolerant Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -43

PLANTS SIMILAR TO SWITCHGRASS

SWITCHGRASS GALLERY

switchgrass
switchgrass
switchgrass

DISCUSSIONS ON SWITCHGRASS

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