DEVIL'S WALKINGSTICK

DEVIL'S WALKINGSTICK GROWS BEST IN

DEVIL'S WALKINGSTICK suitable for counties:
VIRGINIA: Accomack, Albemarle, Amelia, Amherst, Arlington, Augusta, Bath, Bedford, Brunswick, Buckingham, Caroline, Carroll, Charles City, Charlotte, Chesapeake, Chesterfield, Clarke, Craig, Culpeper, Cumberland, Dickenson, Dinwiddie, Essex, Fairfax, Fauquier, Giles, Gloucester, Grayson, Greensville, Hampton, Hanover, Henrico, Highland, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King George, King William, Lancaster, Lee, Loudoun, Madison, Mathews, Mecklenburg, Middlesex, Montgomery, Nelson, New Kent, Newport News, Northampton, Northumberland, Orange, Patrick, Pittsylvania, Powhatan, Prince Edward, Prince George, Prince William, Rappahannock, Richmond, Roanoke, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Scott, Southampton, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Suffolk, Surry, Sussex, Virginia Beach, Washington, Westmoreland, Wise, York
WEST VIRGINIA: Boone, Braxton, Fayette, Grant, Greenbrier, Hampshire, Hardy, Kanawha, Marion, McDowell, Mercer, Mineral, Monongalia, Monroe, Nicholas, Ohio, Pendleton, Pleasants, Pocahontas, Raleigh, Randolph, Ritchie, Summers, Taylor, Tucker, Upshur, Wayne, Webster, Wetzel, Wirt, Wyoming
ALABAMA: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston
ARKANSAS: Arkansas, Bradley, Calhoun, Clark, Clay, Cleburne, Cleveland, Columbia, Conway, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Dallas, Drew, Faulkner, Franklin, Garland, Grant, Greene, Hempstead, Hot Spring, Howard, Independence, Izard, Jefferson, Johnson, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Little River, Logan, Lonoke, Miller, Montgomery, Nevada, Newton, Ouachita, Perry, Phillips, Pike, Poinsett, Polk, Pope, Prairie, Pulaski, Randolph, Saline, Searcy, Sevier, Sharp, St. Francis, Stone, Union, Van Buren, Washington, White, Yell
CONNECTICUT: Fairfield, Litchfield, New Haven
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: District of Columbia
DELAWARE: New Castle, Sussex
FLORIDA: Alachua, Citrus, Clay, Columbia, Dixie, Duval, Flagler, Franklin, Gadsden, Gilchrist, Hernando, Jackson, Lake, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Marion, Nassau, Okaloosa, Osceola, Pasco, Polk, Putnam, Sumter, Suwannee, Volusia, Walton, Washington
GEORGIA: Bartow, Camden, Carroll, Chatham, Clarke, Crisp, Dade, Dawson, DeKalb, Echols, Elbert, Glynn, Grady, Gwinnett, Harris, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Liberty, Lowndes, McIntosh, Meriwether, Morgan, Oglethorpe, Pike, Richmond, Rockdale, Stephens, Sumter
ILLINOIS: Alexander, Gallatin, Hardin, Jackson, Johnson, Massac, Pope, Pulaski, Richland, Saline, St. Clair, Union, White, Williamson
INDIANA: Bartholomew, Brown, Clark, Crawford, Dubois, Floyd, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Jennings, Lawrence, Martin, Orange, Perry, Ripley, Scott, Spencer, Washington
KENTUCKY: Barren, Bell, Bullitt, Butler, Caldwell, Crittenden, Edmonson, Elliott, Fulton, Green, Hardin, Hickman, Jefferson, Lee, Madison, Marion, McCreary, McLean, Meade, Menifee, Nelson, Ohio, Oldham, Perry, Powell, Pulaski, Rowan, Taylor, Warren, Whitley, Wolfe
LOUISIANA: Acadia, Allen, Avoyelles, Beauregard, Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Calcasieu, Caldwell, Catahoula, Claiborne, De Soto, East Baton Rouge, East Carroll, East Feliciana, Evangeline, Franklin, Grant, Iberia, Jackson, La Salle, Lafayette, Lincoln, Livingston, Madison, Morehouse, Natchitoches, Ouachita, Rapides, Red River, Richland, Sabine, St. Helena, St. Mary, St. Tammany, Tangipahoa, Tensas, Terrebonne, Union, Vernon, Washington, Webster, West Carroll, West Feliciana, Winn
MASSACHUSETTS: Hampden, Hampshire, Norfolk, Suffolk
MARYLAND: All counties
MAINE: All counties
MISSOURI: Bollinger, Butler, Cape Girardeau, Dunklin, Madison, New Madrid, Ripley, Scott, St. Louis, Stoddard, Wayne
MISSISSIPPI: Benton, Calhoun, Choctaw, DeSoto, Franklin, Hinds, Lafayette, Lauderdale, Lee, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Neshoba, Newton, Pontotoc, Rankin, Scott, Smith, Stone, Tishomingo, Warren, Washington, Wilkinson, Winston
NORTH CAROLINA: Bladen, Brunswick, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Chatham, Cherokee, Chowan, Columbus, Dare, Duplin, Franklin, Gates, Graham, Granville, Harnett, Haywood, Henderson, Hertford, Hoke, Hyde, Lee, Macon, Martin, New Hanover, Onslow, Orange, Perquimans, Pitt, Polk, Robeson, Stokes, Surry, Transylvania, Tyrrell, Wake, Warren, Washington, Wilkes
NEW JERSEY: Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Essex, Gloucester, Hudson, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Passaic, Salem, Somerset, Sussex, Union
NEW YORK: Cattaraugus, Delaware, Erie, Madison, Nassau, Oneida, Orange, Queens, Rockland, Suffolk, Ulster
OHIO: Adams, Ashtabula, Athens, Belmont, Butler, Carroll, Clermont, Coshocton, Cuyahoga, Guernsey, Hocking, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lucas, Mahoning, Perry, Pike, Preble, Scioto, Vinton, Wayne
OKLAHOMA: All counties
PENNSYLVANIA: Allegheny, Armstrong, Bedford, Blair, Bucks, Butler, Cambria, Cameron, Carbon, Centre, Chester, Clearfield, Delaware, Elk, Fayette, Forest, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Jefferson, Lancaster, Lehigh, Luzerne, Lycoming, McKean, Montgomery, Northampton, Philadelphia, Potter, Schuylkill, Somerset, Sullivan, Union, Venango, Warren, Wayne, Westmoreland, York
RHODE ISLAND: Washington
SOUTH CAROLINA: Aiken, Allendale, Anderson, Bamberg, Barnwell, Beaufort, Berkeley, Calhoun, Charleston, Chesterfield, Edgefield, Hampton, Horry, Jasper, Laurens, Lee, Lexington, Marlboro, Newberry, Oconee, Orangeburg, Pickens, Sumter, Union, York
TENNESSEE: Benton, Bledsoe, Blount, Cannon, Carter, Cheatham, Clay, Cumberland, DeKalb, Dickson, Fayette, Franklin, Grundy, Hardin, Haywood, Houston, Jackson, Johnson, Knox, Lincoln, Marion, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Obion, Overton, Pickett, Polk, Rhea, Roane, Sevier, Shelby, Stewart, Sumner, Tipton, Unicoi, Van Buren, White, Williamson
TEXAS: Angelina, Brazos, Cass, Cherokee, Hardin, Harris, Jasper, Liberty, Montgomery, San Jacinto, Tyler

Devil's walkingstick belongs to family of araliaceae plants, its species name is spinosa. This plant grows actively in spring and summer. Devil's walkingstick has green foliage and bears white colored flowers. Devil's walkingstick booms in early summer.The plant grows in erect form with multiple stems. Devil's walkingstick is a moderately growing plant, a mature Devil's walkingstick can grow up to 20 feet. This plant has very low tolerance to draught conditons.

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer Flower Color : White
Foliage Color : Green Growth Form : Multiple Stem
Growth Rate : Moderate Height, Mature (feet) : 20
Drought Tolerance : Low Frost Free Days, Minimum : 160
Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -25 Palatable Human : No
Bloom Period : Early Summer
SHOW ALL PLANT CHARACTERSTICS

Reproduction

Bloom Period : Early Summer Commercial Availability : Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance : High Fruit/Seed Period Begin : Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End : Fall Fruit/Seed Persistence : Yes
Propogated by Bare Root : Yes Propogated by Bulbs : No
Propogated by Container : Yes Propogated by Corms : No
Propogated by Cuttings : No Propogated by Seed : Yes
Propogated by Sod : No Propogated by Sprigs : No
Propogated by Tubers : No Seeds per Pound : 131000
Seed Spread Rate : Slow Seedling Vigor : Medium
Small Grain : No Vegetative Spread Rate : None

Use

Berry/Nut/Seed Product : No Christmas Tree Product : No
Fodder Product : No Fuelwood Product : - -
Lumber Product : No Naval Store Product : No
Nursery Stock Product : No Palatable Browse Animal : Low
Palatable Graze Animal : Low Palatable Human : No
Post Product : No Protein Potential : Low
Pulpwood Product : No Veneer Product : No

Physiology

Active Growth Period : Spring and Summer After Harvest Regrowth Rate : - -
Bloat : None C:N Ratio : High
Coppice Potential : Yes Fall Conspicuous : No
Fire Resistance : No Flower Color : White
Flower Conspicuous : Yes Foliage Color : Green
Foliage Porosity Summer : Porous Foliage Porosity Winter : Porous
Foliage Texture : Coarse Fruit Color : Black
Fruit Conspicuous : No Growth Form : Multiple Stem
Growth Rate : Moderate Height at Base Age, Maximum (feet) : 20
Height, Mature (feet) : 20 Known Allelopath : No
Leaf Retention : No Lifespan : Moderate
Low Growing Grass : No Nitrogen Fixation : None
Resprout Ability : Yes Shape and Orientation : Erect
Toxicity : Slight

Growth Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils : Yes Adapted to Medium Textured Soils : Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils : Yes Anaerobic Tolerance : Low
CaCO3 Tolerance : High Cold Stratification Required : Yes
Drought Tolerance : Low Fertility Requirement : High
Fire Tolerance : High Frost Free Days, Minimum : 160
Hedge Tolerance : None Moisture Use : High
pH (Minimum) : 4.8 pH (Maximum) : 6.6
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum : 700 Planting Density per Acre, Maximum : 1700
Precipitation (Minimum) : 80 Precipitation (Maximum) : 80
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) : 30 Salinity Tolerance : None
Shade Tolerance : Intolerant Temperature, Minimum (°F) : -25

DEVIL'S WALKINGSTICK GALLERY

devil's walkingstick
Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.
devil's walkingstick
Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute.
devil's walkingstick
Larry Allain. USGS NWRC.
devil's walkingstick
Courtesy of USDA Forest Service.
devil's walkingstick
Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. United States, VA, Clarendon.
devil's walkingstick
Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Courtesy of University of Georgia Press. Image scanned by Forestry Images.
devil's walkingstick
Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Courtesy of University of Georgia Press. Image scanned by Forestry Images.
devil's walkingstick
Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Courtesy of University of Georgia Press. Image scanned by Forestry Images.
devil's walkingstick
Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Courtesy of University of Georgia Press. Image scanned by Forestry Images.
devil's walkingstick
Jeff McMillian. Courtesy of Almost Eden. United States, LA.
devil's walkingstick
Jeff McMillian. Courtesy of Almost Eden. United States, LA.
devil's walkingstick
W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library. Originally from US Forest Service. United States, FL. 1960.
devil's walkingstick
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 617. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.
devil's walkingstick
USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team, Fort Worth, TX.

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